Chemotherapy - Vincristine

Brand Names: Oncovin, VCR, Vincasar Pfs

Vincristine is a chemotherapy drug that is administered for the treatment of acute leukemia, neuroblastoma, thyroid cancer, and lymphoma. It functions as an alkylating agent, meaning it prevents the replication of tumor cells by damaging the DNA.

The drug is used in the treatment of both Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and is administered in conjunction with other chemotherapy drugs in the following regimens:

  • Stanford-V (adriamycin, mustargen, bleomycin, vinblastine, oncoving, etoposide, prednisone)
  • BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, adriamycin, cytoxan, oncovin, prednisone, procarbazine)
  • CHOP (cytoxan, adriamycin, oncovin, prednisone)
  • CHOP-R (CHOP + rituxan)
  • MOPP (mustargen, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone)

Drug Administration

Vincristine is given intravenously (IV). It is a vesicant, meaning it will irritate arteries, so it should be given through a vein only.

Side Effects

The most common side effect of vincristine use is hair loss. Less common side effects include low blood counts, constipation, nausea, abdominal pain, mouth sores, unusual bleeding and/or bruising, bone pain, and blood in the stool or urine.

Other Treatment Options

  • The Zevalin radioimmunotherapy regimen is now approved for certain types of NHL.

For more information on Hodgkin's disease, please see the following pages:

For more information on Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, please see the following pages:

More Articles

More Articles

According to a study by Japanese researchers, the SMILE combination chemotherapy protocol is effective against extranodal natural killer/T-cell...

Patients treated with maintenance rituximab had three times longer progression-free survival. This is a summary of an article published in the...

When you consider that the adult human body has anywhere from 300 to 700 lymph nodes, the better question might not be where ARE they located, but...

This entry looks at a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma called true histiocytic lymphoma (THL), also referred to as diffuse histiocytic lymphoma, and...

Lymphomatous meningitis [LM], also known as leukemic meningitis, is an extremely serious peripheral cancer that attacks the tissue that covers the...

Hodgkin's Disease—also referred to as Hodgkin's Lymphoma, these are the exact same diseases, just...

Intravascular lymphoma is a subtype of 'Lymphoma', an umbrella term that loosely refers to several dozen...

While the average lifespan for hamsters is only about 2.5 years, and they are therefore less prone to long-term illnesses, it is possible for a...

Burkitt's lymphoma is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma that is common in children...

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, causing B-cell or...

The term NK T cell lymphoma refers to one of two subtypes of lymphoma that affect the NK (Natural Killer)...

Lymphoma is a life-threatening disease, but is very treatable in most cases. The 5-year survival for patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's...

T cell lymphoma treatment options for these cancers are not especially effective and there is no absolute consensus about optimal treatments for...

Marginal zone lymphomas (MZL) are indolent lymphomas that affect the B-cells. The...

Lymphomas can arise from most any lymphatic tissue (lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, mucosa associated lymphoid...