Childhood lymphoma

This entry looks childhood lymphoma. 'Lymphoma' is an umbrella term that loosely refers to several dozen independent categorical types and subtypes of cancers of the lymphatic system.

'Childhood lymphoma' by itself is not a diagnosis; rather, there are four major lymphoma subtypes that make up the category of childhood lymphoma, along with a number of less common subtypes that have been diagnosed in children.

Call

The Four Major Subtypes of Childhood Lymphoma

The major subtypes are:

Burkitt (and Burkitt-like) B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Burkitt's is one of the fastest-growing cancers known to medicine. Despite this—rather, on account of it—Burkitt's is treatable and often curable if caught early enough.

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
DLBCL is the most frequently diagnosed NHL among adults. It is treatable and, in some circumstances, curable.

Lymphoblastic lymphoma
LBL is now considered the same disease—morphologically and genetically—as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This can affect either the T-cells or the B-cells.

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
ALCL is an aggressive cancer that, unlike the previous three cancers, typically affects the T-cells, making it much more difficult to treat successfully.

Prognosis of Childhood Lymphoma

Prognosis for childhood lymphoma—and for any lymphoma, and for virtually any cancer—is highly dependent on a variety of factors, including:

  • -- Which lymphoma subtype is diagnosed
  • -- What stage the disease is in at diagnosis
  • -- The number of extra-lymphatic sites that are affected
  • -- The overall health of the patient
  • -- Whether the disease has reached the central nervous system

Sources

  • National Cancer Institute
  • Medscape reference
  • MacMillan Cancer Support
Call

More Articles

More Articles

This entry looks at Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma in the lungs, clinically known as pulmonary lymphoma, one of the subtypes of lymphoma. 'Lymphoma' is an...

In order to prevent developing any subtype of lymphoma, it would be helpful to know the causes of lymphoma. Unfortunately, in virtually every case...

BEAM chemotherapy is an acronym representing a small family of combination chemotherapy regimens that are used chiefly as salvage regimens in the...

There are two types of cancer: benign and malignant. Benign cancers are the kind that don't spread and don't threaten one's life. Malignant...

The Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR - sometimes called sed rate or sedimentation rate) is a nonspecific screening test for various...

Blood counts can be used to identify disease and monitor patient health during cancer treatments. Though these tests cannot diagnose lymphoma on...

MALT lymphoma is a rare B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that typically runs an indolent or slow-growing clinical...

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is just one of 50-60 known B-cell subtypes of...

After some of the dust has settled, the thoughts of many new lymphoma patients turn to diet and nutrition. They want to know if, in the past,...

According to a study by Japanese researchers, the SMILE combination chemotherapy protocol is effective against extranodal natural killer/T-cell...

In a perfect world, every case of cancer would respond to, and be cured by first-line therapy. Unfortunately, it is not often the case. This is...

Patients treated with maintenance rituximab had three times longer progression-free survival. This is a summary of an article published in the...

Prednisone is a glucocorticosteroid (a steroid) used in the treatment of many types of cancers. It functions as an anti-inflammatory medicine that...

In 1964, researchers at the National Cancer Institute developed the first combination chemotherapy that cured a...

Since so many chemotherapy agents can affect a patient’s sex drive and fertility, thinking about these issues prior...