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AICR Experts Recommend Limiting Red Meat and Added Sugar
Experts at the American Institute for Cancer Research today welcomed a new report from the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC).
"AICR is heartened and pleased to see our Recommendations for Cancer Prevention, and the extensive, rigorous research behind them, cited throughout today's DGAC report," said Susan Higginbotham, PhD, RD, AICR Vice President of Research. "If the Committee's proposed changes to the existing Dietary Guidelines are accepted, they will reflect the best advice for lowering cancer risk - and move the country closer to a day when no one develops a preventable cancer."
According to today's DGAC report, "the U.S. population should be encouraged and guided to consume dietary patterns that are rich in vegetables, fruit, whole grains, seafood, legumes, and nuts; moderate in low- and non-fat dairy products and alcohol (among adults); lower in red and processed meat; and low in sugar-sweetened foods and beverages and refined grains."
Following a comment period, the DGAC report will shape the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which will be issued jointly by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The changes proposed include limiting red and processed meat consumption as well as added sugars.
DGAG proposes new recommendations for Americans
For the first time, the DGAC is recommending that Americans limit their intake of red meat and processed meats. (Previously, the Dietary Guidelines' language has emphasized only "choosing lean meats.") In AICR's view, this is an important and potentially life-saving change.
A series of American Institute for Cancer Research/World Cancer Research Fund International expert reports, including a 2012 Continuous Update Project (CUP) report on colorectal cancer, have analyzed the findings from hundreds of studies and concluded that there is convincing evidence that diets high in red meat (more than 18 ounces (cooked) per week) are a cause of colorectal cancer. These same reports also found convincing evidence that regular consumption of processed meats (hot dogs, sausage, bacon, deli meats), even in small amounts, also increases risk.
Recommendations also cover limiting added sugar intake
AICR recommends avoiding sugary drinks and limiting calorie-dense foods that are high in sugar. This is because added sugars are a source of excess calories that have been linked to obesity and nine different cancers, according to AICR.
The list includes:
- colorectal cancer
- esophageal cancer
- post-menopausal breast cancer
- endometrial cancer
- kidney cancer
- pancreatic cancer
- ovarian cancer
- gallbladder cancer
- advanced prostate cancer
AICR estimates that excess body fat alone is a cause of approximately 112,000 U.S. cancers every year.
"Let's be clear," said AICR's Higginbotham, "there is convincing evidence that if Americans moderate their intake of red meat, processed meat and added sugar today, it will lead to fewer cancers tomorrow.
"We're glad to see the DCAG report embrace AICR's Recommendations, and we hope these bold, cancer-protective changes do indeed become part of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans."
Photo by Alex Lines